Page 8 - NIS Malayalam June1-15
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hy-àn-Xzw     tKm-]n-\m-Yv _À-sZm-tem-bv





                           B-[p-\n-I



               A-k-an-sâ inÂ-¸n







                                                                    P-\-\w Pq¬   6, 1890 |  a-c-Ww B-K-kv-Xv  5, 1950
             A-t±-l-sam-cp _-lp-ap-J {]-Xn-`-bm-bn-cp-¶p.A-t±-lw A-`n-`m-j-I-\pw,A-[ym-]-I-\pw,B-Iv-än-hn-kvv-äpw,kzm-X-{´y-k-a-c tk-\m-
              \n-bpw,cm-{ão-b-¡m-c-\p-am-bn-cp-¶p.ssN-\-bp-sS-bpw,In-g-¡³ ]m-¡n-Øm-sâ-bpw `m-K-am-Im-sX A-k-an-sâ ]-c-am-[n-Im-cw
             kw-c-£n-¡m-\m-bn A-£o-Ww ]-cn-{i-an-¨ a-l-Xv-hy-àn.B ]-cn-{i-a-§-fp-sS ^-e-am-bm-Wv A-kw `m-c-X-t¯m-Sv tNÀ-¶-Xv.A-
                 k-an-sâ Xz-cn-X hn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-bn ITn-\-{]-b-Xv-\w \-S-¯n-b _À-sZm-tem-bv B-Wv B-[p-\n-I A-k-an-sâ inÂ-¸n

                         -X-{´y k-a-c t]m-cm-«-§-fn A-hn-iz-    cn-¡m-\m-bn-cp-¶p A-t±-l-¯n-sâ Xo-cp-am-\w.38Â
            kzmko-\-am-b kw-`m-h-\-IÄ  \Â-In-bn-«pw              kÀ-¡mÀ ho-W-t¸mÄ A-t±-lw ap-Jy-a-{´n-bm-bn
            cm-Py-¯n-sâ Hu-tZym-Kn-I Aw-Ko-Im-c-¯n-\m-bn         A-[n-Im-c-ta-äp.c-ïmw-tem-I a-lm-bp-² k-a-b-¯v
            ZoÀ-L-Im-ew Im-¯n-cn-t¡-ïn h-¶ \n-c-h-[n a-l-        Km-Ôn-Pn-bp-sS  B-lzm-\w  A-\p-k-cn-¨v  _À-sZm-
            Xv-hy-àn-Xz-§Ä `m-c-X-¯n-ep-ïv.1890  A-k-an-        tem-bv kÀ-¡mÀ cm-Pn-h-¨p.Xp-SÀ-¶v A-t±-l-s¯
            se \m-tKmw Pn-Ã-bn-se d-l-bn-em-Wv _À-sZm-tem-       {_n-«o-jv-ImÀ A-d-kv-äv sN-bv-Xp P-bn-en-e-S-s¨-¦n-
            bv-bp-sS P-\-\w.12 B-a-s¯ h-b-Ên A-½-sb             epw B-tcm-Ky-Øn-Xn h-j-fm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ-¶v D-S³
            \-ã-am-bn.Kp-h-l-¯n-bn {]m-Y-an-I hn-Zym-`ym-kw     hn-«-b-¨p.1942    Izn-äv  C-´y  {]-Øm-\w  B-cw-`n-¨-
            ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n-b A-t±-lw _n-cp-                                           tXm-sS {_o-«o-jp-ImÀ tIm¬-
            Z-hpw _n-cp-Zm-\-´-c _n-cp-Z-hpw                                        {K-kn-s\ \n-b-a-hn-cp-²-am-bn {]-
            ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n-b-Xv sImÂ-¡-¯-                                             Jym-]n-¡p-I-bpw _À-sZm-tem-bv
            bnÂ.A-k-an       Xn-cn-s¨-¯n-b       1999 A-S _n-lm-cn hm-Pv-t]-bv   D-Ä-s¸-sS \n-c-h-[n t\-Xm-¡-
            _À-sZm-tem-bv  {]-tZ-i-s¯  H-cp      {]-[m-\-a-{´n-bm-bn-cp-¶ k-a-b-¯v a-c-  sf A-d-Ìv sN-¿p-I-bpw sN-bv-
            hn-Zym-e-b-¯n  {]-[m-\ A-[ym-      Wm-\-´-c _-lp-a-Xn-bm-bn "`m-c-X-c-Xv-\'   Xp.1946  \-S-¶ Xn-c-sª-Sp-
            ]-I-\m-bn  tPm-en  B-cw-`n-¨p.]-n-   \Â-In cm-Pyw _À-sZm-tem-bv-sb B-Z-  ¸n hn-P-bn-¨ _À-sZm-tem-bv
            ¶o-Sv A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn {]m-Îo-       cn-¨p.2002Â A-t±-l-¯n-sâ {]-Xn-a   ho-ïpw A-k-an-sâ ap-Jy-a-{´n-
            kv B-cw-`n-¨p.C-sX-Ãmw \-S-¶-Xv      ]-mÀ-e-saân Øm-]n-¨p.cm-{ã-]-Xn F   bm-bn.Cu k-a-b-¯m-Wv {_n-«o-
            1917  `m-c-X-¯n kzm-X-{´y-        ]n sP A-ÐpÄ I-em-am-Wv {]-Xn-a A-\m-  jp-ImÀ   Iym-_n-\-äv   an-j-
            k-a-cw sIm-Sp-¼n-cn-s¡m-ïn-cp-¶             Om-Z-\w sN-bv-X-Xv.         \p-am-bn     h-¶-Xv.a-X-¯n-sâ
            k-a-b-¯m-bn-cp-¶p.a-lm-ßm-Km-                                           A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n  cm-Py-s¯
            Ôn-bn B-Ir-ã-cm-bn bp-hm-¡-                                            hn-`-Pn-¡p-I  F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p
            sf-Ãmw kzm-X-{´y-k-a-c-¯n ]-¦m-fn-I-fm-b Im-ew.     C-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-ep-Å {_n-«o-jv e-£yw._w-Km-fn-s\-
            {_n-«o-jv `-c-W-¯n-\v Io-gn-ep-Å h-S-¡v In-g-¡n-sâ-  bpw A-k-an-s\-bpw H-tc Im-ä-K-dn-bn  DÄ-s¸-Sp-
            bpw A-k-an-sâ-bpw A-h-Ø-bn Zp-Jn-X-\-pw \n-cm-      ¯n.A-§-s\-h-cp-t¼mÄ A-kw {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-sS
            i-\p-am-bn-cp-¶ _À-sZm-tem-bv A-`n-`m-j-I-hr-¯n      F-®w _w-KmÄ {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-sf-¡m-fpw Ip-d-hm-bn-
            D-t]-£n-¨v  \n-Ê-l-I-c-W  {]-Øm-\-¯n  tNÀ-          cn-¡pw.A-k-an-sâ k-Xzw \-in-¸n-¡p-sa-¶v ]-d-ªv
            ¶p.A-[n-Iw ssh-Im-sX _À-sZm-tem-bv A-k-an-sâ         Cu ]-²-Xn-sb _À-sZm-tem-bv F-XnÀ-¯p._À-sZm-
            ap-J-am-bn am-dn.C-´y³ \m-j-W tIm¬-{K-kn           tem-bv-bp-sS {i-a-§-fm-Wv A-kw In-g-¡³ ]m-¡n-
            \n-¶v t{]-c-W DÄ-s¡m-ïv 1922 Â _À-sZm-tem-bv         Øm-sâ `m-K-am-Ip-¶-Xv X-S-ª-Xv.A-kw sa-Un-¡Â
            A-kw tIm¬-{K-kv cq-]o-I-cn-¨p.Nu-cn Nu-c kw-`-       tIm-tf-Pv, ssl-t¡m-S-Xn,Kp-h-l-¯n kÀ-Æ-I-em-im-
            h-¯n-\v ti-jw \n-Ê-l-I-c-W {]-Øm-\w ]n³-h-en-        e,A-kw sh-än-\-dn tIm-tf-Pv Xp-S-§n-b-h-bv-s¡-Ãmw
            ¨-t¸mÄ _À-sZm-tem-bv ho-ïpw A-`n-`m-j-I-hr-¯n        Im-c-W-am-b-Xv A-t±-l-¯n-sâ ]-cn-{i-a-§-fm-Wv.A-
            B-cw-`n-¨p.1932  A-t±-lw Kp-h-l-¯n ap³-kn-¸Â        k-an-se G-ä-hpw P-\-{]n-b-\m-b t\-Xm-¡-fn H-cm-
            t_mÀ-Uv sN-bÀ-am-\m-bn.1935  A-k-an Xn-c-          fm-Wv A-t±-lw.'tem-Iv-{]n-b'F-¶ hn-ti-j-Ww \Â-
            sª-Sp-¸v \-S-¶-t¸mÄ _À-sZm-tem-bv-bp-sS t\-Xr-       In A-t±-l-s¯ A-kw K-hÀ-®-dm-bn-cp-¶ sP Un
            Xz-¯n  tIm¬-{K-kv  `q-cn-]-£w  t\-Sn.F-¶m          Zu-e-¯v dmw A-t±-l-s¯ B-Z-cn-¨n-cp-¶p. n
            kÀ-¡mÀ cq-]o-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\v ]-I-cw {]-Xn-]-£-¯n-


             6  \yq C-´y k-am-NmÀ
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